Design and Performance Analysis of 28 GHz two-port MIMO Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna Array for 5G Applications

Authors

  • Shafiul Ismam Southern University image/svg+xml
  • Delwar Hossain Southern University image/svg+xml
  • Syed Munimus Salam USTC, Chattagram, Bangladesh
  • Muhammad Mahbubur Rashid International Islamic University Malaysia image/svg+xml

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.69955/ajoeee.2023.v3i2.51

Keywords:

MIMO, 5G, Antenna

Abstract

A rectangular microstrip patch antenna array with two ports, designed for operation in the mm-wave band at 28 GHz for 5G applications, has been developed to exhibit superior gain and efficiency. This paper introduces a 12-element array activated by a feed network utilizing a T-junction power combiner/divider. The array elements consist of rectangular patch antennas inserted throughout the structure. The designed array antenna exhibited a measured impedance bandwidth of 1.42 GHz. The simulated findings indicate that the antenna achieved a favorable impedance match, with isolation levels below -22 dB throughout the frequency range. The whole substrate board dimensions were 19.99 × 26.968 × 0.254 mm3. The array is positioned on the substrate material known as Rogers RT5880, resulting in a consistent and reliable radiation pattern. The CST MWS software is employed to model and simulate the microstrip patch array antenna. CST MWS is an electromagnetic simulator utilizing the Finite Integration in Technique (FIT) methodology to model and analyze full-wave electromagnetic phenomena accurately. The realized gain of 15 dBi has been reached for the combined array, whereas the individual arrays have a realized gain of 12.3 dBi. The calculated overall efficiency is roughly -0.5 decibels. The antenna array under consideration has demonstrated favorable multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) capabilities, as evidenced by an envelope correlation coefficient (ECC) of less than 0.1.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

  • Shafiul Ismam, Southern University

    Shafiul Ismam received a B.S. degree in Electrical & Electronic Engineering from the Southern University of  Bangladesh in 2019. He has been working with the Southern University of Bangladesh as a MSc Student. His research interest includes Power Grid, Demand Side Management, and wireless-powered communication with energy harvesting and the Internet of things.

  • Delwar Hossain, Southern University

    Delwar Hossain received a B.Sc. (in 2019)  in electrical and electronic engineering. He has been working with the Southern University of Bangladesh.  His current research interests include an electricity market model for a future smart grid, renewable energy integration, frequency and voltage regulation, power system economics, demand-side management, energy storage management, auction-based demand response mechanism design, bi-level optimization, network optimization, and game theory.

     

References

Pramod Dhande, “Antennas and its Applications”, Armament Research & Development Establishment, Dr. Homi Bhabha Rd, Pashan, Pune.

W. F. Williams, “High-Efficiency Antenna Reflector”, Microwave Journal, Vol. 8, July 1965.

David Alvarez Outerelo, Ana Vazquez Alejos, Manuel Garcia Sanchez, Maria Vera Isasa, “Microstrip Antenna for 5G Broadband Communications: Overview of Design Issues”, Department of Teoria de la Señal y Comunicaciones University of Vigo Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain.

Y. Niu, Y. Li, D. Jin, L. Su, and A. V. Vasilakos, “A survey of millimeter wave communications (mmwave) for 5g: opportunities and challenges,” Wireless Networks, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 2657–2676, 2015.

S. F. Jilani and A. Alomainy, “A Multiband Millimeter-Wave TwoDimensional Array Based on Enhanced Franklin Antenna for 5G Wireless Systems,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 2017.

X. Zhao, S. P. Yeo, and L. C. Ong, “Planar UWB MIMO Antenna With Pattern Diversity and Isolation Improvement for Mobile Platform Based on the Theory of Characteristic Modes,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 420–425, 2018.

N. Ashraf, O. M. Haraz, M. M. M. Ali, M. A. Ashraf, and S. A. S. Alshebili, “Optimized broadband and dual-band printed slot antennas for future millimeter wave mobile communication,” AEU-International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 257–264, 2016.

Y. A. Hashem, O. M. Haraz, and E.-D. M. El-Sayed, “6-Element 28/38 GHz dual-band MIMO PIFA for future 5G cellular systems,” in Antennas and Propagation (APSURSI), 2016 IEEE International Symposium on. IEEE, 2016, pp. 393–394

M. Ikram, M. Sharawi, K. Klionovski, and A. Shamim, “A switchedbeam millimeter-wave array with MIMO configuration for 5G applications,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 915–920, 2018.

D.M. Pozar, “Microstrip Antennas,” Proc. IEEE, Vol. 80, No. 1, January 1992. © 1992 IEEE.

W. F. Richards, Y. T. Lo, and D. D. Harrison, “An Improved Theory of Microstrip Antennas with Applications”, IEEE Trans. Antenna Propagat., Vol. AP-29, No. 1, January 1981.

C. M. Krowne, “Cylindrical-Rectangular Microstrip Antenna”, IEEE Trans. Antenna Propagat., Vol. AP-31, No. 1, January 1983.

S. B. De Assis Fonseca and A. J. Giarola, “Microstrip Disk Antennas, Part 1: Efficiency of Space Wave Launching”, IEEE Trans. Antenna Propagat., Vol. AP-29, No. 1, June 1984.

R. J. Mailloux, “On the Use of Metallized Cavities in Printed slot Arrays with Dielectric Substrates”, IEEE Trans. Antenna Propagat., Vol. AP-35, May 1987.

J. T. Aberle and F. Zavosh, “Analysis of Probe-Fed Circular Microstrip Patches Backed by Circular Cavities”, IEEE Trans. Electromagnetics, Vol. AP-14, 1994.

A. Henderson, J. R. James, and C. M. Hall, “Bandwidth Extension Techniques in Printed Conformal Antennas”, Military Microwaves, Vol. MM 86, 198

D. M. Pozar and B. Kaufman, “Increasing the Bandwidth of a Microstrip Antenna by Proximity Coupling”, Electrical Letters, Vol. 23, April 1987.

D. M. Pozar and D.H. Schaubert, “Scan Blindness in Infinite Phased Arrays of printed Dipoles”, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. AP-32, June 1984.

Indrasen Singh, Dr. V. S. Tripathi, “Microstrip Patch Antenna and its Application”, Int. J. Comp. Tech. Appl., Vol 2(5), September 2011.

Ramesh Garg, Prakash Bartia, Inder Bahl, Apisak Ittipiboon, “Microstrip Antenna Design Handbook”, Artech House Inc. Norwood, MA, 2001.

K. R. Carver and J. W. Mink, “Microstrip Antenna Technology”, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. AP-29, January 1981.

Y T Lo and S W Lee, “Antenna Handbook Theory, Applications & Design”, Van Nostrand Rein Company, NY, 1997.

A. G. Derneryd, “Linearly Polarized Microstrip Antennas”, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. AP-24, November 1976.

Downloads

Published

2023-09-30

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

[1]
“Design and Performance Analysis of 28 GHz two-port MIMO Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna Array for 5G Applications”, AJoEEE, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 33–44, Sep. 2023, doi: 10.69955/ajoeee.2023.v3i2.51.

Most read articles by the same author(s)